澳门十大赌场排名:2016考研英语寒假积累之固定搭配,如何区分考研英语的定语从句与同位语从句

澳门十大赌场排名:2016考研英语寒假积累之固定搭配,如何区分考研英语的定语从句与同位语从句

  许多正在准备二〇一六硕士考生的考生都打听都教师,考研[微博]韩语在寒假中应该怎样备考呢,都教师认为,希腊语在寒假阶段重点基础积累,除了词汇的记得外,固定搭配也是第一次全国代表大会首要,能够扶助考生更好的精通段落小说核心。上面都教授就利用真题带各位考生来看看应该主要回忆何种搭配的词汇。

44.

  That question whether we need it has not been considered.
大家是或不是须求它这一个题材还未曾设想。(同位语从句)

  使她们承受独特的上扬力量have subjected them to unique evolutionary
pressures

[A] A larger percentage of migrants to colonial North America came as
indentured servants than as free agents interested in acquiring land。

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  ●巩固习题

[C] They have relied in drawing their conclusions on what managers say
rather than on what managers do。

  更多的凭证阐明,这么些革命行星上曾经有安定而增进的液态水,而且人们对从金星落到地球上的细菌化石陨石的说教直接有争辨,使土星上是否存在过生命和是还是不是现今仍有性命的标题变成了闻名海外的主要性。

  不依附于任何单位:Work indipendently of any institution

  1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the first
    paragraph of the text?

  有些教导词如how, whether,
what能够指导同位语从句,但不能够辅导定语从句,如:

  蒙受局地令人难受的遗传性疾病

[D] The southern colonies were greatly influenced by the high culture
of New England。

  The order that we received yesterday was that we should send a few
people to help the other groups.
大家明日吸收的命令是大家相应派多少人去援助别的多少个小组。(定语从句,是名词order的修饰语,that在从句中作received的宾语,能够回顾。)

  不敢公开:Dare not speak its name

  1. Which of the following best summarizes the author’s evaluation of
    Bailyn’s fourth proposition?

  The issue of whether life ever existed on the planet, and whether it
persists to this day, has been highlighted by mounting evidence that the
Red Planet once had abundant stable, liquid water and by the continuing
controversy over suggestions that bacterial fossils rode to Earth on a
meteorite from Mars。

  ●巩固习题

[E] Narrowing the search

  作品来源:万海学文

  真题段落一:

Part A

  指导词that带领定语从句时,在从句中貌似做主语或宾语(指物时还足以用which代替),并且作宾语时平时省略,that在同位语从句中仅起连年作用,不担任任何成分,并且不可能简单,也不能够用which来代替,如:

  被看作基因隔开的结果 be seen as a consequence of genetic isolation

[A] Bailyn underestimates the effects of Puritan thought on North
American culture。

  句子可拆分为:The issue of //whether life ever existed on the
planet, and whether it persists to this day, //has been highlighted //by
mounting evidence //that the Red Planet once had abundant stable, liquid
water and //by the continuing controversy over suggestions //that
bacterial fossils rode to Earth on a meteorite from Mars。

  They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty
genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts , however, social
effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education. The latterwas
seen as a consequence of genetic isolation .Dr.Cochran suggests that the
inteligence and diseases are intimately linked. His argument is that the
unusual history of these people has subjected them to unique
evolutionary pressures that have reasulted in this paradoxical state of
affairs.

3.[A] of[B] with[C] in[D] against

  【真题例句】

  中度重教的古板a strong tradition of valuing education

Section Ⅳ Writing

  主句为:The issue of whether life ever existed on the planet, and
whether it persists to this day, has been highlighted by… and
by…。主句主语的结构为: The issue of whether…and whether…。of
短语修饰the issue, of 短语较长一般译在后头;that the Red
Planet…是evidence的同位语从句,(正是evidence的具体内容)。that bacterial
fossils…是suggestions的同位语从句,表明suggestions的具体内容。)第二个同位语从句能够一贯翻译在所修饰词后边。第②个同位语能够置身所修饰的名词前面,充当定语。

  此前被认为是不相干的have previously been thought unrelated

[A] It is totally implausible。

  【参考译文】

  ●高频搭配

Directions:

  1. 从词类上分别

  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than
others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But
Gregory Cochran is prepared to say it anyway. He is that rare bird, a
secientist who works independently of any institution. He helped
popularize tha idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a
bacterail cause were actually infections ,which aroused much controversy
when it was first suggested.

2.[A] unique[B] particular[C] special[D] rare

  Our team has won the game, which made us very happy.
大家的队赢了,那让大家很欣喜。(定语从句)

  Even he, however,might tremble at the thought of what he is about to
do.

Section I Use of English

  The possibility that the majority of the labor force will work at
home is often
discussed。人们时时谈论大部分劳力将会在家里做事的或许性。(同位语从句)

  归因于社会影响 have been put down to social effects

  1. The author of the text would be most likely to agree with which of
    the following statements about Bailyn’s work?

  定语从句是从句对其先行词的修饰或限制,属于形容词性从句的范围;而同位语从句是从句对前面抽象名词的一发的辨证和分解,属于名词性从句的规模,如:

  结构提醒:that some diseases 是前边 the idea 的同位语从句,not
previously thought to have a bacterial
cause做前置定语修饰前边的diseases,主干是some diseases were actually
infections.

It is not easy to talk about the role of the mass media in this
overwhelmingly significant phase in European history. History and news
become confused, and one’s impressions tend to be a mixture of
skepticism and optimism. Television is one of the means by which these
feelings are created and conveyed — and perhaps never before has it
served so much to connect different peoples and nations as in the recent
events in Europe. The Europe that is now forming cannot be anything
other than its peoples, their cultures and national identities. With
this in mind we can begin to analyze the European television scene. In
Europe, as elsewhere, multi-media groups have been increasingly
successful: groups which bring together television, radio, newspapers,
magazines and publishing houses that work in relation to one another.
One Italian example would be the Berlusconi group, while abroad Maxwell
and Murdoch come to mind。

  2. 从品质上有别

  文章来源:文都教育

[C] The results of recent research are introduced and summarized。

  The news that our team has won the game was true.
大家队赢了那场竞技的音讯是真的。(同位语从句,补充表明news到底是一个怎么样音信。)

  密切相关 be intimately linked

Funds that invest solely in a single market sectors, called specialty
funds, often have impressive returns and may be great additions to a
diversified portfolio. However, the success of such funds depends
largely on the fortunes of a particular market sector. Hence, specialty
funds probably aren’t the best way to start. For your first fund, look
for a diversified stock fund that has exposure to different types of
stocks。

澳门十大赌场排名 1
扫码关心报考博士圈微信

  由细菌滋生的:Have a bacterial cause

In this part, you are asked to write a composition according to the
information below. You should write more than 150 words neatly on ANSWER
SHEET 2. (15 points)

  【解析】

  帮忙普及该意见:Help popularize the idea

Text1

  The order that we should send a few people to help the other groups
was received yesterday.
我们应派多少人去帮其余几个小组的授命后日接受了。(同位语从句,是对order的具体表达,that虽不作成分,但不能够不难。)

  He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously
thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections , which
aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

The majority of successful senior managers do not closely follow the
classical rational model of first clarifying goals, assessing the
problem, formulating options, estimating likelihoods of success, making
a decision, and only then taking action to implement the decision.
Rather, in their day-by-day tactical maneuvers, these senior executives
rely on what is vaguely termed intuition to manage a network of
interrelated problems that require them to deal with ambiguity,
inconsistency, novelty, and surprise; and to integrate action into the
process of thinking。

  3. 从指导词及其在句子中的成分上分别

  与众分歧,出类拔萃的人:Rare bird

[D] By the 1730’s,migrants already skilled in a trade were in more
demand by American employers than were unskilled laborers。

  同位语从句后面包车型大巴名词只好是idea, fact, news, hope, belief,
suggestion, proposal, word, thought, doubt, truth, possibility, promise,
order等有早晚内涵的名词,而定语从句的先行词能够是名词、代词,主句的一有些也许整个主句,如:

  参考译文:他支持普及那样二个看法,即从前认为不是由细菌滋生的有个别疾病实际正是传染病,该意见第1次建议来的时候,引起了非常的大的争持。

One of the implications of the intuitive style of executive management
is that thinking is inseparable from acting. Since managers often know
what is right before they can analyze and explain it, they frequently
act first and explain later. Analysis is inextricably tied to action in
thinking/acting cycles, in which managers develop thoughts about their
companies and organizations not by analyzing a problematic situation and
then acting, but by acting and analyzing in close concert。

  The news that he told me yesterday was true.
昨日她告知自身的要命新闻是真的。(定语从句,news在从句中作told的宾语。)

  希望由此那两段真题中的段落,能让考生认识到相应积攒何种固定搭配,寒假是打牢根基的好时节,希望各位考生能够踏实备考。预祝我们备考顺遂,取得不错佳绩!

15.[A] given up[B] got over[C] carried on[D] put down

  同学们在报考硕士[微博]语法学习中时常不难模糊同位语从句和定语从句,对二种从句的歪曲有时会直接影响到小说的可信赖驾驭及翻译句子正确翻译情势的选择,以下对二种从句的区分方法开始展览专项总计,以便同学们轻松精晓。二种从句的界别首要在偏下三地点:

  真题段落二:

  1. According to the text,Bailyn and the author agree on which of the
    following statements about the culture of colonial New England?

  Dr.Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are
intimately linked.

[C] Migrants to colonial North America were more successful at
acquiring their own land during the eighteenth century than during the
seventeenth century。

  争辨的场馆 paradoxical state of affairs

4.[A] subsequently[B] presently[C] previously[D] lately

  ●高频搭配

41.

  参考译文:Cochran大学生认为,高智与病魔密切相关。

[C] indefinitely[D] unaccountably

  引起了相当的大的争辨:Arouse much controversy

The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others
is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory
Cochran is to say it anyway. He is that bird, a scientist who works
independently any institution. He helped popularize the idea that some
diseases not thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections,
which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested。

  一想到……就不寒而栗的骨肉之躯颤抖:Tremble at the thought of

Bailyn’s third proposition suggest two general patterns prevailing among
the many thousands of migrants: one group came as indentured servants,
another came to acquire land. Surprisingly, Bailyn suggests that those
who recruited indentured servants were the driving forces of
transatlantic migration. These colonial entrepreneurs helped determine
the social character of people who came to pre-industrial North America.
At first, thousands of unskilled laborers were recruited; by the 1730’s,
however, American employers demanded skilled artisans。

Two stylistic characteristics shaped the way Coltrane played the tenor
saxophone: he favored playing fast runs of notes built on a melody and
depended on heavy, regularly accented beats. The first led Coltrane to
“sheets of sound” where he raced faster and faster, pile-driving notes
into each other to suggest stacked harmonies. The second meant that his
sense of rhythm was almost as close to rock as to bebop。

There’s no free lunch in fund investing: in addition to the sales fees
that some fund companies charge, fund investors must also pay management
fees and trading costs. Unfortunately, you don’t necessarily get what
you pay for – no one has ever shown that more expensive funds provide
greater returns. Look for funds with reasonable costs. The expense
ratio, which expresses annual costs as a percentage amount, is probably
the best number to use when comparing mutual fund costs。

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank
and mark A, B, C or D onANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

16.[A] assessing[B] supervising[C] administering[D] valuing

Eating better. Exercising. Investing. There are a lot of things you know
should be doing. The problem is that getting started always seems to be
the hardest part. For many investors, mutual funds are a good way to go,
but trying to sort through the number of available choices – now more
than 10,000 – makes this important task appear overwhelming. Let’s look
at some ways to cut that number down to a reasonable size, as well as
other factors to consider when selecting your first fund。

Flatfish, such as the flounder, are among the few vertebrates that lack
approximate bilateral symmetry (symmetry in which structures to the left
and right of the body’s midline are mirror images). Most striking among
the many asymmetries evident in an adult flatfish is eye placement:
before maturity one eye migrates, so that in an adult flatfish both eyes
are on the same side of the head. While in most species with asymmetries
virtually all adults share the same asymmetry, members of the starry
flounder species can be either left-eyed (both eyes on the left side of
head) or right-eyed. In the waters between the United States and Japan,
the starry flounder populations vary from about 50 percent left-eyed off
the United States West Coast, through about 70 percent left-eyed halfway
between the United States and Japan, to nearly 100 percent left-eyed off
the Japanese coast。

17.[A] development[B] origin[C] consequence[D] instrument

[C] bring together disparate facts。

Isenberg’s recent research on the cognitive processes of senior managers
reveals that managers’ intuition is neither of these. Rather, senior
managers use intuition in at least five distinct ways. First, they
intuitively sense when a problem exists. Second, managers rely on
intuition to perform well-learned behavior patterns rapidly. This
intuition is not arbitrary or irrational, but is based on years of
painstaking practice and hands-on experience that build skills. A third
function of intuition is to synthesize isolated bits of data and
practice into an integrated picture, often in an Aha! experience.
Fourth, some managers use intuition as a check on the results of more
rational analysis. Most senior executives are familiar with the formal
decision analysis models and tools, and those who use such systematic
methods for reaching decisions are occasionally leery of solutions
suggested by these methods which run counter to their sense of the
correct course of action. Finally, managers can use intuition to bypass
in-depth analysis and move rapidly to engender a plausible solution.
Used in this way, intuition is an almost instantaneous cognitive process
in which a manager recognizes familiar patterns。

9.[A] attaining[B] scoring[C] reaching[D] calculating

house increases as houses are built up the hill.40. Which of the
following phrases from the text best expresses the author’s conclusion
about the

[D] relate the experience of the migrants to the political values that
eventually shaped the character of the United States。

[A] Managers who rely on intuition are more successful than those who
rely on formal decision analysis。

14.[A] moreover[B] therefore[C] however[D] meanwhile

Directions:

Finally, remember that the ultimate measure of your success as an
investor depends not on your owning the best-performing mutual fund.
Only one fund will be the top performer over the next decade, and
there’s no way to predict which one it will be. Meeting your own
financial goals should ultimately be the yardstick by which you measure
your investment success.

Although Bailyn goes on to apply his approach to some thousands of
indentured servants who migrated just prior to the revolution, he fails
to link their experience with the political development of the United
States. Evidence presented in his work suggests how we might make such a
connection. These indentured servants were treated as slaves for the
period during which they had sold their time to American employers. It
is not surprising that as soon as they served their time they passed up
good wages in the cities and headed west to ensure their personal
independence by acquiring land. Thus, it is in the west that a
peculiarly American political culture began, among colonists who were
suspicious of authority and intensely anti-aristocratic。

When Coltrane began recording for the Impulse! Label, he was still
searching. His music became raucous, physical. His influence on rockers
was enormous, including Jimi Hendrix, the rock guitarist, who, following
Coltrane, raised the extended guitar solo using repeated motifs to a
kind of rock art form。

  1. The primary purpose of the text is to [A] discuss the place of
    Coltrane in the world of jazz and describe his musical explorations.
    [B] examine the nature of bebop and contrast it with improvisational
    jazz. [C] analyze the musical sources of Coltrane’s style and their
    influence on his work. [D] acknowledge the influence of Coltrane’s
    music on rock music and rock musicians。

  2. Which of the following best describes the organization of the fourth
    paragraph? [A] A thesis referred to earlier in the text is mentioned
    and illustrated with three specific examples. [B] A thesis is stated
    and three examples are given each suggesting that a correction needs to
    be

19.[A] limited[B] subjected[C] converted[D] directed

[F] Not too special

Text3

[B] identify a problem。

8.[A] progress[B] fact[C] need[D] question

  1. According to the text, John Coltrane did all of the following during
    his career EXCEPT [A] improvise on melodies from a number of different
    cultures. [B] perform as leader as well as soloist. [C] spend time
    improving his technical skills. [D] eliminate the influence of bebop
    on his own music。

  2. According to the text a major difference between Coltrane and other
    jazz musicians was the

[D] Two opposing points of view are presented and evaluated。

[D] It is controversial though persuasive。

5.[A] Only[B] So[C] Even[D] Hence

7.[A] advises[B] suggests[C] protests[D] objects

10.[A] normal[B] common[C] mean[D] total

[B] Manager X checks possible solutions to a problem by systematic
analysis; Manager Y does not。

Text4

13.[A] affirm[B] witness[C] observe[D] approve

Whatever the market does, try to take it in stride. You’re in for the
long haul, so don’t worry about the market’s day-to-day gyrations. Relax
and resist the temptation to monitor your first investment daily. Check
in on your mutual funds once a month, and give your portfolio a thorough
exam every 6 to 12 months. And consider adding to your fund each month.
An automatic investment plan makes it a relatively painless process。

[A] An assertion is made and a specific supporting example is given。

Text2

6.[A] thought[B] sight[C] cost[D] risk

selectively neutral? [D] How do the eyes in flatfish migrate?39. Which
of the following is most clearly similar to a cline as it is described
in the second

Bernard Bailyn has recently reinterpreted the early history of the
United States by applying new social research findings on the
experiences of European migrants. In his reinterpretation, migration
becomes the organizing principle for rewriting the history of
pre-industrial North America. His approach rests on four separate
propositions。

Do not write the address。

[C] take advantage of social research on the experiences of colonists
who migrated to colonial North America specifically to acquire land。

[B] Bailyn overemphasizes the economic dependence of the colonies on
Great Britain。

[A] Watching related expenses and making wise choice

  1. In terms of its tone and form, the text can best be characterized as
    [A] dogmatic explanation. [B] indignant denial. [C] enthusiastic
    praise. [D] speculative study。

The problem with the above explanation is that the Japanese starry
flounder population is almost exclusively left-eyed, and natural
selection never promotes a purely less advantageous variation. As other
explanations proved equally untenable, biologists concluded that there
is no important adaptive difference between left-eyedness and
right-eyedness, and that the two characteristics are genetically
associated with some other adaptively significant characteristic. This
situation is one commonly encountered by evolutionary biologists, who
must often decide whether a characteristic is adaptive or selectively
neutral. As for the left-eyed and right-eyed flatfish, their difference,
however striking, appears to be an evolutionary red herring.36.
According to the text, starry flounder differ form most other species of
flatfish in that starry flounder [A] are not basically bilaterally
symmetric. [B] do not become asymmetric until adulthood. [C] do not
all share the same asymmetry. [D] have both eyes on the same side of
the head.37. Which of the following best describes the organization of
the text as a whole? [A] A phenomenon is described and an
interpretation presented and rejected. [B] A generalization is made
and supporting evidence is supplied and weighed. [C] A contradiction
is noted and a resolution is suggested and then modified. [D] A series
of observations is presented and explained in terms of the dominant
theory.38. The text supplies information for answering which of the
following questions? [A] Why are Japanese starry flounder mostly
left-eyed? [B] Why should the eye-sidedness in starry flounder be
considered selectively neutral? [C] Why have biologists recently
become interested in whether a characteristic is adaptive or

Directions:

ranked in order of their support of the thesis.[D] A thesis is stated,
three seemingly opposing examples are presented, and their underlying

[A] They have criticized managers for not following the classical
rational model of decision analysis。

[B] Paying attention to details

This group generally do well in IQ test, 12-15 points above the value of
100, and have contributed to the intellectual and cultural life of the
West, as the of their elites, including several world-renowned
scientists, . They also suffer more often than most people from a number
of nasty genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts, , have
previously been thought unrelated. The former has been to social
effects, such as a strong tradition of education. The latter was seen as
a (an) of genetic isolation. Dr. Cochran suggests that the intelligence
and diseases are intimately . His argument is that the unusual history
of these people has them to unique evolutionary pressures that have
resulted in this state of affairs。

Directions:

  1. Which of the following statements about migrants to colonial North
    America is supported by information in the text?
  1. The text suggests which of the following about the writers on
    management mentioned in line 1, paragraph 2?
  1. According to the text, senior managers use intuition in all of the
    following ways EXCEPT to

correspondence is explained。

The first of these asserts that residents of early modern England moved
regularly about their countryside; migrating to the New World was simply
a natural spillover. Although at first the colonies held little positive
attraction for the English — they would rather have stayed home — by the
eighteenth century people increasingly migrated to America because they
regarded it as the land of opportunity. Secondly, Bailyn holds that,
contrary to the notion that used to flourish in America history
textbooks, there was never a typical New World community. For example,
the economic and demographic character of early New England towns varied
considerably。

[D] Maintaining realistic expectations

12.[A] missions[B] fortunes[C] interests[D] careers

[D] They have misunderstood how managers use intuition in making
business decisions。

Directions:

[B] Managers cannot justify their intuitive decisions。

Directions:

The ease with which a fish can reverse the effect of the sidedness of
its eye asymmetry simply by turning around has caused biologists to
study internal anatomy, especially the optic nerves, for the answer. In
all flatfish the optic nerves cross, so that the right optic nerve is
joined to the brain’s left side and vice versa. This crossing introduces
an asymmetry, as one optic nerve must cross above or below the other. G.
H. Parker reasoned that if, for example, a flatfish’s left eye migrated
when the right optic nerve was on top, there would be a twisting of
nerves, which might be mechanically disadvantageous. For starry
flounders, then, the left-eyed variety would be selected against, since
in a starry flounder the left optic nerve is uppermost。

43.

[C] Managers” intuition works contrary to their rational and
analytical skills。

45.

[A] give sufficient emphasis to the cultural and political
interdependence of the colonies and England。

Coltrane himself probably believed that the only essential
characteristic of jazz was improvisation, the one constant in his
journey from bebop to open-ended improvisations on modal, Indian, and
African melodies. On the other hand, this dogged student and prodigious
technician — who insisted on spending hours each day practicing scales
from theory books — was never able to jettison completely the influence
of bebop, with its fast and elaborate chains of notes and ornaments on
melody。

Part B

18.[A] linked[B] integrated[C] woven[D] combined

Finally, Bailyn argues that the colonies were a half-civilized
hinterland of the European culture system. He is undoubtedly correct to
insist that the colonies were part of an Anglo-American empire. But to
divide the empire into English core and colonial periphery, as Bailyn
does, devalues the achievements of colonial culture. It is true, as
Bailyn claims, that high culture in the colonies never matched that in
England. But what of seventeenth-century New England, where the settlers
created effective laws, built a distinguished university, and published
books? Bailyn might respond that New England was exceptional. However,
the ideas and institutions developed by New England Puritans had
powerful effects on North American culture。

[C] Bailyn’s description of the colonies as part of an Anglo-American
empire is misleading and incorrect。

澳门十大赌场排名,he, however, might tremble at the of what he is about to do. Together
with another two scientists, he is publishing a paper which not only
that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others, but
explains the process that has brought this about. The group in are a
particular people originated from central Europe. The process is natural
selection。

Moreover, the integration of the European community will oblige
television companies to cooperate more closely in terms of both
production and distribution。

meaning of the difference between left-eyed and right-eyed
flatfish?[A] “Most striking” (line 3, paragraph 1)[B] “variation is
adaptive” (line 2, paragraph 2)[C] “mechanically disadvantageous”
(line 7, paragraph 3)[D] “evolutionary red herring” (line 9, paragraph
4)

11.[A] unconsciously[B] disproportionately

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”
instead。

1.[A] selected[B] prepared[C] obliged[D] pleased

42.

[D] Manager Y draws on years of hands-on experience in creating a
solution to a problem; Manager X does not。

Part B

In this section there is a paragraph in English .Translate it into
Chinese and write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

Part A

Section Ⅲ Translation

You and your family are planning for a trip to Hong Kong during the May
holiday. Write a letter to a travel agency to explain your travel plans,
ask for relevant information, and express your gratitude for a reply.
(10 points)

[D] Bailyn failed to test his propositions on a specific group of
migrants to colonial North America。

You are going to read a list of headings and a text about how to select
a fund. Choose the most suitable heading from the list A–F for each
numbered paragraph (41–45). The first and last paragraphs of the text
are not numbered. There is one extra heading which you do not need to
use. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

Read the following four passages. Answer the questions below each
passage by choosing A, B, C and D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.
(40 points)

[B] It is partially acceptable。

made to a thesis referred to earlier in the text.[C] A thesis referred
to earlier in the text is mentioned, and three examples are presented
and

[C] It is highly admirable。

the maximum profit.[C] A flower stall in which the various species of
flowers are arranged according to their price.[D] A housing
development in which the length of the front struts supporting the porch
of each

Given the great uncertainty of many of the management issues that they
face, senior managers often instigate a course of action simply to learn
more about an issue. They then use the results of the action to develop
a more complete understanding of the issue. One implication of
thinking/acting cycles is that action is often part of defining the
problem, not just of implementing the solution。

20.[A] paradoxical[B] incompatible[C] inevitable[D] continuous

One way to begin your search for a good fund is to use the Morningstar
star rating. The rating is a useful tool for narrowing the field to
funds that have done a good job of balancing return and risk in the
past. To assign ratings, Morningstar uses a formula that compares a
fund’s risk-adjusted historical performance with that of other funds
within four rating groups – domestic stock funds, international stock
funds, taxable bond funds, and municipal bond funds。

[C] Manager X takes action in order to arrive at the solution to a
problem; Manager Y does not。

Section Ⅱ Reading comprehension (50 points)

[A] High culture in New England never equaled the high culture of
England。

  1. The author of the text states that Bailyn failed to

Proponents of different jazz styles have always argued that their
predecessor’s musical style did not include essential characteristics
that define jazz as jazz. Thus, 1940’s swing was belittled by beboppers
of the 1950’s who were themselves attacked by free jazzes of the 1960’s.
The neoboppers of the 1980’s and 1990’s attacked almost everybody else.
The titanic figure of Black saxophonist John Coltrane has complicated
the arguments made by proponents of styles from bebop through neobop
because in his own musical journey he drew from all those styles. His
influence on all types of jazz was immeasurable. At the height of his
popularity, Coltrane largely abandoned playing bebop, the style that had
brought him fame, to explore the outer reaches of jazz。

[D] stipulate clear goals。

[B] Migrants who came to the colonies as indentured servants were more
successful at making a livelihood than were farmers and artisans。

paragraph of the text?[A] A vegetable market in which the various
items are grouped according to place of origin. [B] A wheat field in
which different varieties of wheat are planted to yield a crop that will
bring

[B] The cultural achievements of colonial New England have generally
been unrecognized by historians。

  1. The text provides support for which of the following statements?

Before you begin examining potential investments, it’s important to take
some time to assess your own goals and risk tolerance. If you start with
a clear objective in mind, as well as an understanding as to how you
might react if your investment loses money, you’ll be less likely to
purchase a fund that doesn’t fit your needs. And that’s what often leads
to disappointment. It is important to look for funds that are
appropriate for both your goals and your investment temperament。

[B] A conventional model is dismissed and an alternative introduced。

[A] degree to which Coltrane’s music encompassed all of jazz. [B]
repetition of motifs that Coltrane used in his solos. [C] number of
his own compositions that Coltrane recorded. [D] indifference Coltrane
maintained to musical technique。

  1. It can be inferred from the text that which of the following would
    most probably be one major difference in behavior between Manager X, who
    uses intuition to reach decisions, and Manager Y, who uses only formal
    decision analysis?

Biologists call this kind of gradual variation over a certain geographic
range a “cline” and interpret clines as strong indications that the
variation is adaptive, a response to environmental differences. For the
starry flounder this interpretation implies that a geometric difference
(between fish that are mirror images of one another) is adaptive, that
left-eyedness in the Japanese starry flounder has been selected for,
which provokes a perplexing question: what is the selective advantage in
having both eyes on one side rather than on the other?

Three recordings illustrate Coltrane’s energizing explorations.
Recording Kind of Blue with Miles Davis, Coltrane found himself outside
bop, exploring modal melodies. Here he played surging, lengthy solos
built largely around repeated motifs — an organizing principle unlike
that of free jazz saxophone player Ornette Coleman, who modulated or
altered melodies in his solos. On Giant Steps, Coltrane debuted as
leader, introducing his own compositions. Here the sheets of sound,
downbeat accents, repetitions, and great speed are part of each solo,
and the variety of the shapes of his phrases is unique. Coltrane’s
searching explorations produced solid achievement. My Favorite Things
was another kind of watershed. Here Coltrane played the soprano
saxophone, an instrument seldom used by jazz musicians. Musically, the
results were astounding. With the soprano’s piping sound, ideas that had
sounded dark and brooding acquired a feeling of giddy fantasy。

[A] Manager X analyzes first and then acts; Manager Y does not。

[C] Weighing your financial goals and expectations first

[B] They have not based their analyses on a sufficiently large sample
of actual managers。

[A] speed up of the creation of a solution to a problem。

Generations of writers on management have recognized that some
practicing managers rely heavily on intuition. In general, however, such
writers display a poor grasp of what intuition is. Some see it as the
opposite of rationality; others view it as an excuse for
capriciousness。

[C] The colonists imitated the high culture of England, and did not
develop a culture that was uniquely their own。

[D] Intuition enables managers to employ their practical experience
more efficiently。

[B] describe carefully how migrants of different ethnic backgrounds
preserved their culture in the United States。

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