依旧是热点类话题,2015考研英语一大作文

  2015考研[微博]英语结束了,一场没有硝烟的战争就此打响了。今年的作文主题依然在预测之中,没有偏离大众视线,依然围绕社会热点展开。总体上来说,2015年这篇作文题目属于难度适中,很好完成。图片内容浅显易懂,不会偏离主题,是我们所熟悉的社会热点类话题之一;图片主题与我们日常生活密切相关,是大家相对比较熟悉的题材。大作文的主题是“手机时代的聚会”,我们课堂上延伸过,且属于最后预测话题范畴。

很多学生在面对英语作文的时候,总是束手无策,不知道怎样开头,不知道用什么词汇和句型会比较容易戳中阅卷老师的心,会拿到比较高的分数。以下文章就和大家分享高考英语写作的万能模板和衡水体写作注意事项。

  今年的英语一大作文题可以说完全在我们的预料之中,甚至比我们想象的要简单的多,据广大考生反映审题基本不存在问题。虽然考研[微博]图画作文,从来不给一个主题,但是对于考生来说,正确审出主题还是相对比较容易实现的。

  此篇作文题目是一幅图片,亲戚朋友聚会,在一起没有交流,却都看着手机,发着微博,这是一种普遍的社会现象,同时也揭示科技带来的潜在威胁。题材可以说是中规中矩,词类热点话题在2010年考查形式是“手机入网”,在2011年中考[微博]查形式是“网络的近与远”考研英语中都有所涉猎,而这次的“手机时代的聚会”的话题依然属于这个话题范畴。出考研(英语一)大作文在相关题材考题的重复性体现了题材的重要性。此类作文可以从利弊角度进行分析,可以从意义对比进行分析,只要能自圆其说,得分还是很容易的。

一、对比观点型作文

  值得关注的是,今年考题再次考察了考研大作文六大必考话题中已经考察过的“沟通”问题, 2009年 “网络的近与远”考察网络在人际交往中的作用,今年“手机时代的聚会”从话题,到写作方式,甚至表达方式的使用都与09年如出一辙。所以真题是最宝贵的复习资源!2014年跨考各类考研写作课程均对真题进行过详细讲解,其中真题十年正解提供了历年范文。

  这篇文章的写法仍然建议三段式:

01要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法

  跨考教育[微博]英语教研室刘正锋老师简单来看看如何审这副图,四个年轻人围绕在餐桌前,餐桌上摆放着各种美食,每个人都在低头玩自己的手机, 而不是通常聚会中大家畅谈聊天。通常仔细审图是可以看出主题的,再加之图片简单,所以几乎不会出现跑题。而且,考研写作主题多是与学生日常生活相关的社会现象与问题,如文化教育、人生哲理、两代关系、爱心、环境等一直是考查的重点。09年是网络,10年文化,11年是环境,12年是乐观。13年选择,14年来两代关系,跨考也预测过今年的话题极有可能考网络化时代带来的各种问题。

  第一段:描述图片。依照精英课堂给同学们提供的模板可以很好的套用。在描述图片时,大家要注意细节描写,这是得分一大亮点;其次,在首段最后一句点出文章的主题,也就是图片题目“手机时代的聚会”的隐身寓意。

1、有一些人认为……

  今年大作文的写作中图片描述,也即时文章的首段,不仅是最重要的段落,也是判卷教师最重视的段落,亦是考研大作文难点所在,也是决定作文是否得高分的关键段。若要达到描述充分,需要有一定的词汇及表达功底。不过今年图画中的关键词考生并不陌生,如:mobile phone, microblog, weixin, communication。大部分学生还是可以写出这些表达的。至于第二段的意义阐释和第三段的给出评论,如果审题没问题,相对来说较容易。因为我们课上反复讲过而且提供了相关的模版。

  第二段:这篇文章可以从利弊分析角度入手。手机即科技,那科技给我们带来了什么呢?可以从这个角度:科技是一把双刃剑,既给我们带来无限的可能,也带来了很多的隐患。可分别论述优缺点,也可以对于缺点进行重点论述。

2、另一些人认为……

  第二段可采用利弊分析进行论述,利方面比如网络化时代给大家的交流带来了极大的便利,可以有效获取大量信息;而弊端也是显而易见的,正如图画所示,本来用来交流感情的聚会大家各自低头玩儿手机,实际上疏远了彼此间的关系,而且对身体有害。

  第三段:最后进行总结,进行论述,再次点题。比如对于这种缺点社会现实,就可以用老师给大家准备的标准句型进行作答–Considering
all the points discussed, it is highly sensible thatwe should take
prompt measures to resolve this problem. In the first place,more …
should be brought forward. In the second,… should be applied in
allcommunities. Only by enforcing these measures, can we effectively,
efficiently,and eventually solve the problem.
总之,一篇好的文章是内容、结构、语言组成的,语言是最重要的,即闪光句型、词汇。在保证主题正确的情况下,如果我们能做到句子词语选择更贴切,那么我们的作文成绩将更上一层楼!(高静)

3、我的看法……

  第三段给出结论:因此我们要理性看待手机使用的问题。一方面要充分发挥入网手机的优势,跟随社会发展的脚步,另一方面要减少对手机的依赖型,重视现实中的交流。

The topic of① __________(主题)is becoming more and more
popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people
say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②
__________(支持A的理由一)What’s more, ③
__________(理由二). Moreover, ④
__________(理由三).

  当然,考研写作判卷原则是:语言第一位、结构第二位、内容第三位。只要语言基本正确、结构比较清晰、内容与话题相关,均可取得及格分(12分)。如果语言精彩、结构严谨、论证充分,则可稳获高分(15分以上)。

While others think that B is a better choice in the following three
reasons. Firstly,⑤ __________(支持B的理由一). Secondly
(Besides),⑥ __________(理由二). Thirdly (Finally),⑦
__________(理由三).

  总体来说,今年的大作文写作难度适中。虽然有些考生由于考场紧张、审题不清或论述无逻辑,有些同学将关键词拼写错误。其实无需过于焦虑,阅卷教师主要考察整体语言水平,不会因为个别错误完全降为低分。只要语言基本正确、结构比较清晰,均可取得不错的成绩。

From my point of view, I think⑧ __________(我的观点). The
reason is that ⑨ __________(原因). As a matter of fact,
there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is
surely a wise choice.

02给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

Some people believe that① __________(观点一). For example,
they think ② __________(举例说明). And it will bring them ③
__________(为他们带来的好处).

In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one
thing,④ __________(我反对该看法的理由一). For another, ⑤
__________(反对的理由二).

Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that⑥
__________(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).

二、阐述主题型作文

要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述

1、阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义    

2、分析并举例使其更充实

The good old proverb __________(名言或谚语)reminds us that
__________(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.

First of all, __________(理由一). For example,
__________(举例说明). Secondly,
__________(理由二). Another case is that
__________(举例说明). Furthermore,
__________(理由三).

In my opinion, __________(我的观点). In short, whatever you
do, please remember the saying __________(引用谚语). If you
understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily
benefit a lot from it.

三、解决方法型作文

要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径

1、问题现状

2、怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)

In recent days, we have to face the problem
__________(提出问题), which is becoming more and more
serious. First, __________(说明问题的现状). Second,
__________(举例进一步说明现状).

Confronted with __________(问题), we should take a series of
effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing,
__________(解决方法一). For another
__________(解决方法二).Finally,
__________(解决方法三).

Personally, I believe that __________(我的解决方法).
Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because
__________(带来的好处).

四、说明利弊型作文

这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)。

1、说明事物现状

2、事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)

3、你对现状(或前景)的看法

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our
daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First
__________(A的优点之一). Besides,
__________(A的优点之二).

But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent.
One of the important disadvantages is that
__________(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,
__________(A的第二个缺点).

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects
overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to
__________(我的看法).

From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we
should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we
are in. Only by this way, __________(对前景的预测).

五、议论文的框架

01不同观点列举型( 选择型 )

There is a widespread concern over the issue that
__________澳门十大赌场排名,(作文题目). But it is well known that the opinion
concerning this hot topic varies from  person to person.

A majority of people think that __________(观点一). In their
views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in
the first place, __________(原因一).Furthermore,
__________(原因二). So it goes without saying that
__________(观点一).

People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people
hold the idea that __________(观点二). In their point of
view, on one hand, __________(原因一).On the other hand,
__________(原因二). Therefore, there is no doubt that
__________(观点二).

As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that
__________(观点一或二). It is not only because
________, but also because _________. The more
_______, the more ________.

02利弊型的议论文

Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over(the issue that)
__________ (作文题目). In fact, there are both advantages
and disadvantages in __________ (题目议题).

Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive
aspects as follows. Firstly, __________(优点一).  And
secondly __________(优点二).

Just as a popular saying goes, “every coin has two sides”,
__________(讨论议题) still has negative aspects. To begin
with, __________(缺点一). In addition,
__________(缺点二).

To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of
__________(讨论议题) into full play, and reduce the
disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In  that case, we will
definitely make a better use of the __________(讨论议题).

03答题性议论文

Currently, there is a widespread concern over(the issue that)
__________(作文题目). It is really an important concern to
every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some
measures to solve this problem.

As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this
problem. First of all, __________(途径一). In addition,
another way contributing to success of the solving problem is
__________ (途径二).

Above all, to solve the problem of __________(作文题目), we
should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I
would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say,
__________(方法).

04谚语警句性议论文

It is well know to us that the proverb:“__________(谚语)”
has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in
our study. It means __________ (谚语的含义). The saying can
be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also
theoretically )

A case in point is __________(例子一). Therefore, it is goes
without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb
__________(谚语).

With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an
increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical
use to stick to the saying:__________ (谚语). The more we
are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits
we will get in our daily study and job.

六、看图看表型作文框架

As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the
table(graph/picture/pie/chart), __________(作文题目的议题)
has been on rise/decrease, significantly/dramatically/steadily
rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in
_____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes
without saying that ________.

There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On one
hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the
fact that ________. In addition, ________ is
responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to
show ________. But it is generally believed that the above
mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.

As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______.
I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

高考英语写作注意事项

1.字迹工整、书写规范(这一点很重要,会为你赢得印象分,六月份改卷时期老师改卷任务重,天气炎热,字迹清晰工整会让阅卷老师心情好)最好。衡水体火了之后,很多学校都开始重视英文规范书写,可参考电子科大出版的《学习型字帖英语规范书写教程》里的写法指导和高考优秀范文格式。

2.字数写够。(老师看到字迹工整,字数够的作文,心里会马上把分数定位在18分,也就是及格分数,然后再读一遍作文,即使读的过程中发现有错误,最后的分数也不会比18分低很多)

3.作文题目中若给出了作文主要内容并用1.2.3.点或者用表格写了出来。写出的作文中一定要包括这题目中提到的所有的要点,因为在制定评分规则的时候会把总分平均分给这几个要点,如果文中没有提到某个要点,那么相应的这个要点的分就不能得,最后的得分自然也就低一些。

4.关于作文的具体内容。尽量使用有把握的单词和句子,稳中求胜。如遇到不会说的单词会句子,想办法换个说法把意思表达出来,切忌自己造新词或者乱搭配,这样会闹笑话,弄巧成拙。

5.学会分段,平时写作文大多数同学一段到底,作文最好分三段,这样会显得作文有条理,错落有致,并且看上去作文的字数要多一些。

6.要有时态和语态的意识。不能通篇全都是一个时态,或者根本没有时态,时态是英语最基本的语法,也是高考作文的一个重要评分标准。英语是一个惯用被动语态的语言,不妨在文中加入几个被动语态的句子,为作文增加光彩。

7.避免低级错误:每句话的首字母大写,人名、地名首字母大写;每段开头空出4个字符的位置;主谓一致(切忌出现I
is, he are, they was等类似错误);动词跟时态一致(如He like teaching
us等);名词单复数(名词数量大于1时,一定要用复数形式);不定冠词(可数名词单数前一定要用a或者an)。

8.多背范文,多记一些名言警句,并想办法合适得用到作文中去。记一些万能的开头结尾的公式。

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