澳门十大赌场排名家中在教育中的作用,二零一六报考学士匈牙利(Hungary)语

  大家从前说过,复习报考学士[微博]阿拉伯语要侧重真题,在纪念词汇和练习阅读通晓、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配回想,并辅以相应的演练,下边大家就以真题为例,从中接纳出简单并发的考试场点,让二〇一四的考生更深厚地了然“搭配记忆”法。

1 Good parenting

One of the most difficult transitions faced by parents and youth is that
of going from elementary to middle school. Parents are often dismayed
that their child who once confided every detail now spends more time
alone or with friends. This may be the first time parents are called by
a teacher and told their child is less focused on school than in the
past. While this can be disheartening, it may help to know that much of
this is a normal developmental process.

  【相关真题】

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

Erikson called this stage, “Identity Versus Role Confusion” to imply
youths’ attempts to fit into society during this stage. As an almost
teenager, youth at this stage begin separating from parents and start
focusing more on peer bonding. Most parents remember going through this
stage and may fear their child will make mistakes.

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies
consist of one-parent households or two working parents;
consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than
was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental
supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other
identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in
school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing
incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to
increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a
direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

2 Build strong family relationships

Know that despite your best efforts, your child is going to make some
mistakes and some of these mistakes, while difficult, will help your
child learn and grow. The important thing to focus upon at this stage is
guiding your child so they do not make major life changing mistakes that
impact their future. For example, parents will want to monitor online
communications, discuss the consequences of sexual behaviors and drug
use, and ensure children are safe. Mistakes such as these can be severe
and include sexual abuse, disease, pregnancy, legal issues, and other
serious issues. At the same time, parents cannot and should not go
everywhere with their children, complete school work for them, or solve
all problems on the child’s behalf. Doing so, ensures the child will not
learn to solve problems needed to succeed in life.

  【高频考试场点】

Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings

So what is a parent to do? First, monitor your child without interfering
in learning. This means knowing who your child is with or talking to
online, where your child is at all times, and ensuring appropriate adult
supervision when away from home. It also means allowing the child to
suffer minor consequences. Adlerian therapists refer to “natural and
logical consequences.” For example, a child who does not eat dinner may
be hungry or a child who loses a book may have to pay to replace it.
These are healthy consequences and help children learn from their own
choices and mistakes without life altering consequences.

  1.发生变化:experiencechanges

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

Another thing to remember, if called by the school, is that your child
may be testing boundaries and focusing more on friends than homework.
This may be frustrating to hear, but take heart knowing this often
occurs as part of normal development. This does not mean, however, that
children should not be held accountable. At this point, parents may have
to become more involved in monitoring their child’s school work,
friendships, and implement immediate and consistent consequences.

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

While this stage in your child’s life can be trying, know it doesn’t
last forever. Also, much of what ensues is quite positive. Watching your
child grow as they test boundaries can be humorous at times and if you
do your job as a parent well, you will be proud of the person your child
grows up to be.

  3.XKF会对年轻人作案率发生影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Monitor their children’s academic performance
Are more involved in their children’s education

  4.充实恐怕性:increasethe probability

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children’s
education than their own parents were.

  5.直接的报应关系还平素不创制起来:adirect causal relationship has not
yet been established

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  6.可明确的来头:identifiablecauses

3 Working parents

  7.违规的作为:offensiveacts

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

  8.某事产生尤为多:thegrowing incidence of something

Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

  【翻译演练】

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working
parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at
home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

  结构提醒:than was common in the traditional
familystructure展示比较的逻辑关系,比较的两边是当今的子女与观念家庭的儿女。

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Are understanding and supportive
Respect their feelings
Support their choices
Respect their individuality

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or
failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and
the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Western parents try to respect their children’s individuality.

  结构提醒:frustration or failure in school, theincreased
availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of
childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同整合句子的宾语。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child
committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not
yet been established。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  【参考译文】

This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

  ①这么些年,家庭也发出了部分变型。

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

  ②单亲家庭恐怕老人都要上班的家中更是多,那样一来,家庭对子女的担保比古板家庭或者会少一些。

6 Develop good moral values

  ③缺乏父母监督被认为对年轻人作案率有自然的影响。

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

  ④任何能够找到的犯罪行为的原因回顾在母校的败诉和破产、毒品和酒越来越不难获取、虐待孩子和大意孩子的轩然大波更是多。

7 Good behavior

  ⑤具备这么些条件往往会大增青年人违规的大概性,固然它们之间一向的因果报应关系还不曾规定。

Follow school rules
Develop self-control
Well-behavior students
Teach them good manners and etiquette

  “搭配纪念法”对我们回想单词、攻克翻译题有极大的帮带,但其他巧妙的点子都急需在漫漫的勤学苦练中轻车熟路,希望大家在随后的复习进程中,能遵照那种措施把真题吃透,日积月累,你会意识意义的确不错!

Break school rules
Unacceptable behavior

  来源:文都教育

8 Their peers

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their
parents.

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying,
youth crime

Feel lonely and isolated

9 Behavior problems

Unruly students
Drop out of school

Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their
decision later.

Are involved with gangs and crime

Take responsibility for their own actions
Have respect for their neighbors and communities

10 Youth crime

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

11 Prepare them well for adult life

Increase their independence
A responsible member of society
A productive/ contributing member of society

(Parents) raise their children to be responsible/ productive/
contributing members of society

(School) prepare students to be…
Produce well-rounded individuals

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